From 2006 to 2016, researchers at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School collected data for a project they called the New Jersey Autism Study, which among other objectives, examined access to early intervention programs for children up to 36 months old.

What the study, recently published in JAMA Pediatrics, found is that slightly less than half (47%) of more than 4,000 8-year-olds in Essex, Hudson, Ocean, and Union counties during that time received EIP services.

But that's far fewer children than really needed those services, especially when they are federally mandated under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, according to Josephine Shenouda, program manager of the pediatrics department at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School and lead author of the study.

Get our free mobile app

Shenouda thinks the numbers have probably improved in the six years since the study ended, but likely not to the level they need to be.

"In spite of better awareness and resources in our community here in New Jersey, we're still seeing economic and racial disparities," she said.

According to Shenouda, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends universal early autism screening for children at 18, 24, and 30 months, but all too often, that's not a reality.

It may be primarily a problem of connection, she said. Even if a doctor diagnoses a pediatric patient and provides that information to parents, they then may not have the resources to be linked to an EIP.

Either that, or "early" screening may not be happening early enough.

"The problem is in the detection, so the children are identified later with autism, or with (other) problems," Shenouda said. "We definitely need more strategies, we need service delivery models, to effectively detect kids early with autism, but also connect kids to early intervention programs and other services."

What Rutgers researchers would like to look at going forward is not only when did children diagnosed on the autism spectrum first get services, but also how many went on to receive services once they entered preschool.

"We want to see if the children receiving early intervention were identified earlier with autism than maybe children not receiving early intervention, so that will be our next analysis," Shenouda said.

Patrick Lavery is a reporter and anchor for New Jersey 101.5. You can reach him at patrick.lavery@townsquaremedia.com

Click here to contact an editor about feedback or a correction for this story.

LOOK: Baby names that are illegal around the world

Stacker scoured hundreds of baby name databases and news releases to curate a list of baby names that are illegal somewhere in the world, along with explanations for why they’re banned.

Beautiful sunflower fields to visit in NJ 2022

Among reasons why the “Garden State” remains a fitting nickname for New Jersey — late summer means the arrival of sunflower season.

There are at least six fields, spanning the state. Some are in bloom as of early August, while others are planned to peak from late August to late September.

Calling or emailing before heading out is always advisable if weather appears to be an issue. 

Here's where NJ legal weed is sold

The number of recreational cannabis dispensaries continues to grow, with close to two dozen state approvals given since the first adult recreational sales in the state back in April. Here is where the open sites are located.

More From 94.3 The Point